Submitted by :BILAL RIAZ CHUGHTAI.
Group members:BILAL RIAZ CHUGHTAI, MUDASSAR MEHMOOD GHUMMAN, MUHAMMAD SOHAIL SALEH and AOON MUHAMMAD HANIF.
Supervised by: Dr. ATTAULLAH SHAH.
In the world of construction, concrete like other materials is playing an important role in development. concrete is a composite material which is a mixture of cement, fine aggregate , coarse aggregate and water .The major constituents of which is natural aggregate such as gravel, sand, Alternatively, artificial aggregates such manufactured sand furnace slag, fly ash, expanded clay, broken bricks and steel may be used where appropriate. It possesses many advantages including low cost, general availability of raw material, adaptability, low energy requirement and utilization under different environmental conditions.
The goal of sustainable construction is to reduce the environmental impact of a constructed facility over its lifetime. Concrete is the main material used in construction in the world. Due to increase in Construction and Demolition activities worldwide, the waste concrete after the destruction of any infrastructure is not used for any purpose which is totally loss in the economy of the country because natural resource are depleting day by day. The debris is also a major problem for municipal authorities to dispose of at particular location. It is most common practice in all over the world that most of the materials (paper, plastic, rubber, wood, concrete, etc) are being recycled to save the natural resources and environment. Concrete is such a costly material but Now a day’s waste concrete is only being used as a landfill material instead of recycling the concrete as a recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) to use for the construction purposes.
Continue Reading »