Noise Control In Residential Buildings

Maaz Allah Khan, Faizan Quasim, Faraz Hussain, Imran Khan, Fazil Saleem
Azad Institute of engineering & technology

The acoustical design issues for buildings involve the principal issues like site noise considerations. In any heavily populated area, there is enough activity going on at once during the day to generate all kinds of sounds across the audible spectrum of human hearing. Planes take off and land, traffic moves along roadways, construction crew repair roads, dogs bark, music blares, sirens sound, and lawns are mowed, etc.

The information contained in this article about library acoustics is intended as a source for these standards. As the architectural and engineering design of the project evolves, the design should be reviewed in light of the agreed upon acoustical programmatic requirements for the building project.

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Underground Construction Techniques


The various underground construction methods discussed as options for the example facility must be evaluated on a site-specific basis, since factors such as site geology will vary significantly in different locales. The advantages and disadvantages of each option must be weighed, and each alternative’s costs and energy use must -be evaluated. The most effective options can .then be considered in terms of the various constraints posed by the individual site.

The article summarizes the challenges and considerations during planning, execution and commissioning of underground sections of metro. The work of fixing the alignment starts with fixing up the location of the station box, availability of the land in the close proximity of major origin/destination points or nodes which are dense passenger traffic junction is important. There are the instances when separate vacant land at these locations is not available, and in all such cases stations are planned below roads. Consideration of buildings nearby, no. of trees affected, possible traffic diversion, soil strata, utilities, access to the residents nearby are few points which are kept in mind the location of the station. Suitability from point of view of traffic integration is also a main criterion for fixing station locations. Stations are planned in such a way so as to be near established traffic interchange nodes so that they fit in the existing transport network and provide seamless intermodal transfer.

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Experimental Investigation On The Effect Of Bagasse Ash And Rubber Tyre Waste In Concrete

Pravesh Shukla

The utilization of industrial and agricultural waste produced by industrial process has been the focus on waste reduction research for economical, environmental and technical reasons. SCBA is a fibrous waste product of the sugar refining industry, along with ethanol vapour. Bagasse ash mainly contains aluminium ion and silica. The use of SCBA as a pozzolonic material for producing high strength concrete. OPC is partially replaced with finely SCBA. At present the disposal of waste tyre is becoming a major waste management problem in the world. In this project, the bagasse ash has been chemically and physically characterized and partially replaced in the ratio of 0%, 5%, 15% and 25% by weight of cement in concrete. The mix proportion for M30 grade concrete was derived. Rubber tyre waste has been used as coarse aggregate with replacement of conventional coarse aggregate and it is taken as constant of 10%.

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Plastic Cracking of Concrete

Shubham Sunil Malu

Cracking is one of the major issues in concrete. Since concrete has various physical and chemical properties it is prone to cracking. Its elimination is not possible totally but it can be restricted or reduced to a certain extent. Mostly, cracking goes on a microscopic scale and does not appear visibly as a fault. If the cracking goes on a macroscopic scale it can result in loss of strength, stability and durability. It can also cause decrease in sound insulation and overall efficiency besides affects aesthetics to a greater extent.

The main causes of cracking are as follows:

  • Ageing – Carbonation
  • Foundation problems
  • Weathering Actions
  • Improper or modified use of the structure
  • Poor maintenance
  • Progressive loading
  • Deficiencies in design
  • Poor quality of concrete material
  • Improper concrete mix
  • Movement of concrete arising from physical properties
  • Poor workmanship and negligence
  • Over trowelling and impermeable formwork
  • Reduced continuity of the structural member
  • Defects and errors in construction practices
  • Improper structural repairs or modification
  • Chemical attacks by Chlorides and Sulphates
  • Differential thermal stress – Heat of hydration of cement

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Concrete Mix Design With Different Mixes Of Asbestos

Osama Ahmed
Syed Nizam Uddin
Syed Jaffer Ali

In this constructed environment, the rising prizes of building construction materials are the factor of great worry. The coarse aggregates are the main ingredients used in concrete. We all want that our buildings must be strong, stable and should build with the construction material of reasonable prizes. Every construction industry totally relies on cement, aggregates whether it is coarse or fine for the production of concrete.In this research, we have replaced the coarse aggregate partially by using asbestos cement sheet waste. It is a waste material so by using asbestos cement sheet waste as a replacement we can solve the problems of price rising. Therefore, we have planned to prepared some number of cubes using asbestos cement sheet waste at various proportions like 0%, 5%, 10%,15%, 20% and 25% by weight of coarse aggregate.The properties for fresh concrete are tested for compressive strength at the age of 7, 14 and 28 days. It is found that with the increase in the percentage replacement of coarse aggregate with AC sheet waste there is increase in Compressive Strength upto 10 % replacement after that there is decrease in Compressive Strength with further replacement of coarse aggregate with AC sheet waste. It can also observed that 28 days compressive strength is increased by 3.33%, 6.41% upto 10 % replacement of coarse aggregate with AC sheet waste as compared to conventional concrete

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