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Steelworks

Riveting And Welding Of Steel

Introduction
Riveting is the process of joining two metal plates with the help of nuts and bolts. In other words, it is a process in which a hole is made on the steel plates to be joined, the diameter of which is more than the nominal diameter of bolt. The rivet is then inserted and the head is formed at the other end. The rivets should conform to IS: 1929-1982 and IS: 2155-1982 as appropriate. High tensile steel rivet must be manufactured from steel conforming to IS: 1149-1982.
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What are the Types of Frame Structures?

What is Frame Structure?
Framing is the process of mixing building materials to form the framework of a building. As a result, a framed structure uses beams, columns, and a slab to withstand gravity and other lateral loads. As a rule, these structures are employed to counteract the pressures and moments that emerge from the loading.

Characteristics of a Frame Structure:

  • A-frame structure is a carefully arranged set of beams, columns, and slabs that can withstand the tremendous stresses and moments generated by severe gravity and lateral loads.
  • They come together to form a framework of steel or concrete that supports the weight and transmits it to the ground without incident.
  • In a framed structural system, walls are used to enclose the resulting cavity. There are two types of walls here: load-bearing and non-load-bearing. Shear walls make up the bulk of the framed building’s load-bearing walls.
  • Pin or permanent connections join the frame’s structural parts.
  • Consequently, beams, columns, slabs, and shear walls are a framed structure’s primary structural or load-carrying elements (load-bearing walls).
  • The framework of a building may be fabricated from a wide variety of materials.

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Different Types of Columns Used in Construction

What is a Column?
Columns are rigid vertical structural components meant to support axial compressive loads from beams and slabs and then transfer them to the ground via footings. The various loads created in a structure are carried by column to footings and footings to the soil. As a result, the column is critical to the overall load transfer mechanism, and the structure would be incomplete without it.

However, not every vertical member must be a column. A column is defined as a member with a length greater than three times its smallest cross-sectional size. If this criterion is not met, the vertical part is referred to as a strut.
The strength of a column is determined by the material employed, its geometry, form, cross-section size, and its length and position about the support condition at both ends.

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Spread Footing – Types, Design, Advantages, and Disadvantages

What is Spread Footing?
Spread footings are commonly utilized to support each column of a building and the piers of a bridge. Construction of these footings is both cost-effective and economical. It works well in any soil with sufficient load-bearing capacity. Spread footing comes in various forms and sizes, including square, round, and rectangular. With stresses applied upward, this footing can operate as an inverted cantilever.

For the construction of spread footings, structural design codes and specifications assume a linear soil pressure distribution. As a result, designing spread footing is a lot easier.

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Why is Revit Getting Popular Among Civil Engineers?

Introduction
Architects widely use Revit for a number of reasons, but nowadays, it is gaining traction among civil engineers too. Civil Engineers widely adopt AUTOCAD to make plans for buildings, design for water tanks, and many more. Nowadays, this software is getting replaced by Revit as it offers 3D rendering quite quickly compared to AUTOCAD. Some additional blocks are also there in Revit that can be imported as plugins which are quite beneficial to place on the drawings without consuming much time.

Both AUTOCAD and Revit are the products of Autodesk, and they share many similarities despite having many differences. One of the main reasons Revit has become so popular is that it was built with the BIM process in mind, and it also works with cloud computing. This allows everyone participating in the project to get their hands on any information they need.

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