Awarded as the best online publication by CIDC

Steelworks

Different Types of Columns Used in Construction

What is a Column?
Columns are rigid vertical structural components meant to support axial compressive loads from beams and slabs and then transfer them to the ground via footings. The various loads created in a structure are carried by column to footings and footings to the soil. As a result, the column is critical to the overall load transfer mechanism, and the structure would be incomplete without it.

However, not every vertical member must be a column. A column is defined as a member with a length greater than three times its smallest cross-sectional size. If this criterion is not met, the vertical part is referred to as a strut.
The strength of a column is determined by the material employed, its geometry, form, cross-section size, and its length and position about the support condition at both ends.

Read More

Spread Footing – Types, Design, Advantages, and Disadvantages

What is Spread Footing?
Spread footings are commonly utilized to support each column of a building and the piers of a bridge. Construction of these footings is both cost-effective and economical. It works well in any soil with sufficient load-bearing capacity. Spread footing comes in various forms and sizes, including square, round, and rectangular. With stresses applied upward, this footing can operate as an inverted cantilever.

For the construction of spread footings, structural design codes and specifications assume a linear soil pressure distribution. As a result, designing spread footing is a lot easier.

Read More

Why is Revit Getting Popular Among Civil Engineers?

Introduction
Architects widely use Revit for a number of reasons, but nowadays, it is gaining traction among civil engineers too. Civil Engineers widely adopt AUTOCAD to make plans for buildings, design for water tanks, and many more. Nowadays, this software is getting replaced by Revit as it offers 3D rendering quite quickly compared to AUTOCAD. Some additional blocks are also there in Revit that can be imported as plugins which are quite beneficial to place on the drawings without consuming much time.

Both AUTOCAD and Revit are the products of Autodesk, and they share many similarities despite having many differences. One of the main reasons Revit has become so popular is that it was built with the BIM process in mind, and it also works with cloud computing. This allows everyone participating in the project to get their hands on any information they need.

Read More

Design of a Lintel

INTRODUCTION
Before coming to the design part, it is important to know the importance of lintels in structure. A lintel is a horizontal structural member that is present on top of doors, windows, etc. to support the top load falling on these openings. These are used for load bearing purposes, to transfer its load to the side walls and sometimes for decorative purposes. These can be made of wood or concrete; however, concrete is widely used due to its strength and durability. These can also be prestressed for better load carrying capacity.
Read More

Design Calculation for Slab

INTRODUCTION
A slab is a structural element that is used to support ceilings and floors. It is made of concrete and reinforcements are provided to support it. It is several inches thick and it rests on beams and columns. It is estimated that a concrete slab lasts for about 30 to 100 years if it is built with good grade of concrete and steel. Usually for residential purpose M20 is used.

Read More

Ask a question