As per standards, the Roof beams should have a continuous upward slope equivalent to 1/4 in/ft ( 20.8 mm/m) between a drain and the high point of a roof, in addition to minimum recommended camber to avoid ponding.
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Timber coloums are seldom used singly. Mostly they are a group of lumber which are stick together to form a single member. The allowable unit stress on timber is calculated by using the following formula
When the Columns have square or rectangular cross section
When the Columns have circular cross section
Extreme fiber stress in bending for a rectangular timber beam is calculated by the following
f= maximum fiber stress, lb/in2 (MPa)
M= bending moment, lb in (Nm)
h= depth of beam, in (mm)
b= width of beam, in (mm)
S= section modulus (bh2/6 for rectangular section), in3 (mm3)
As per the guidelines, the allowable unit stresses for any given compression perpendicular to the grain is applied to any length bearings at the ends of beams. But when the length is more than 152.4mm or 6 inches, it is applied to all at other locations.
When we are calculating the bearing at the end of beams we should keep in mind that we don’t take into consideration the bending of beams and also that the pressure on inner edge is more than that at the outer edge.