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Differences Between Cinder Blocks And Concrete Blocks

When burning wood or coal to heat houses was the main way to do it, there were a lot of cinders. In the 1850s, this overproduction made a new block type. A normal house could make a lot of cinder waste in one winter, making it a cheaper aggregate. Concrete has been used for hundreds of years. Romans, Greeks, and Egyptians were the first to use simple concrete blocks. Historians even think that some of the pyramids were built with simple concrete.

Romans used concrete mortar as early as 200 AD. To make concrete, the Romans used local ingredients. Roman construction needed strong materials during this time, so concrete was a great choice for their infrastructure and buildings. In 1824, a British cement maker named Joseph Aspdin got a patent for modern concrete. Aspdin came up with the recipe for cement, which we still use today. The product he developed is called Portland cement. Harmon S. Palmer made the first hollow concrete block in the U.S. in 1890. By 1900, Palmer had gotten a patent for his idea. These concrete blocks were so heavy that one person couldn’t carry them alone.

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What is maintenance of Roads and how is it classified?

Maintenance of roads is the continual work to ensure they are in good shape for drivers and pedestrians. It entails normal maintenance, like fixing small problems like potholes and cracks in the pavement, and major repairs, such as repaving or reconstructing larger stretches of road. Regular road maintenance is crucial to ensure the safety of drivers, passengers, and pedestrians, avoid vehicle damage, and lessen traffic congestion. Depending on where you live, municipal, state, or federal governments may be responsible for road maintenance.

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How Are Geocells Used in Road Construction?

Geocell is a cellular confinement system made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) commonly used in road construction as a soil stabilization solution. Using geocell in road construction dates back to the 1970s when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers developed the technology to stabilize the ground for military applications. The first documented use of geocell in road construction was in the late 1980s when the technology was used to stabilize the shoulders of an access road leading to a copper mine in Chile. This initial use was successful, and geocell began to gain popularity as a solution for soil stabilization in road construction projects worldwide.

Over the years, the technology has evolved, and the use of geocell has expanded to include applications in retaining walls, erosion control, and even green roofs. Today, geocell is a widely accepted and cost-effective solution for soil stabilization in road construction projects, particularly in areas with poor soil conditions or unstable terrain.
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What Is Rafter – Types, Advantages And Disadvantages

When making a roof, it’s important to know how the building is assembled and how each part supports the whole. Rafters are a key part of a roof’s frame. They must be cut and measured carefully so that weight is evenly distributed and the building stays safe. In architecture and construction, a rafter is a structural component that supports a roof and helps transfer the roof’s weight to the building’s walls.

Rafters are typically made from wood or metal and are placed at regular intervals along the length of the roof. The shape and size of rafters can vary depending on the roof’s design and the structure’s weight and load-bearing requirements. In traditional construction, carpenters often cut rafters on-site using hand tools, but today pre-cut and pre-engineered rafters are commonly used for efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

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Types Of Walls Used In Construction

One of our ancestors wanted to separate two areas, so they thought of building a wall. All types of walls are made to protect, keep people out, or defend. Building a building on pillars and walls is a familiar idea. Even though the building elements have changed from the past to the present, the goal is still the same. There was a time when walls were built with dirt and trash using certain methods. Then came the stone wall, and the pieces are still being put together in new ways. Every day, different types of walls take on new forms because of changes and improvements.

What is a Wall?
A wall is a vertical structure, usually made of brick, concrete, or stone, that serves as a physical barrier or divider between spaces. Walls can be found in various settings, including residential, commercial, and industrial buildings, and outdoor environments, such as gardens and parks. In addition to providing a physical barrier, walls can offer security, privacy, and insulation from noise and weather. They can be decorative or functional and may serve various purposes, such as defining boundaries, supporting roof structures, or providing a surface for artwork or signage.

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Thermal Insulation of Buildings- Principles, Types and Materials

Thermal insulation materials are an important part of buildings. They are meant to stop heat from escaping and keep the temperature inside comfortable. Insulation materials are used in walls, floors, roofs, and ceilings to keep heat from escaping or getting in. It can save energy and cut down on carbon emissions. Several things, like the building’s design, the climate, and the money, affect the choice of insulation material. Some things that affect how well insulation works are the material’s R-value (thermal resistance), ability to keep air out, and ability to fight moisture.

Thermal insulation materials help save energy and have other benefits, such as reducing noise, preventing fires, and making buildings last longer. Because of this, thermal insulation has become an important part of building planning and construction in modern times.

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Hydraulic Cement – Types and Uses

When dry, powdery hydraulic cement is mixed with water, it dries and sets. It is thought to have been made by the Roman Empire and is still used today to build and fix things. The ingredients in hydraulic cement work together to shorten the time it takes to set, so it can harden even when wet. Hydraulic cement is better than regular concrete because it doesn’t shrink when it dries and may grow a lot. In this article, we’ll talk about hydraulic cement, how it can be used, and why it’s a big deal in the building business.

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Plasticizers for Concrete – Principle, Types & Advantages

Depending on the case, you may need to be more or less practical. Deep beams, thin water-holding structures with a lot of steel support, connections between columns and beams, pouring concrete, pumping concrete, and working in hot weather all require a high level of workability in the concrete. Adding water is the most common form of abuse, usually done without any engineering on the spot. Adding water to concrete makes it more flexible, but it needs to be easier to work with. It won’t make a mixture more even or regular. Instead, it makes it more likely that people will fight and die. Plasticizers make concrete stronger and last longer by reducing the amount of water and cement needed to reach a certain level of workability. Since the heat of hydration of mass concrete goes down when the cement weight goes down, plasticizers can do this.

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About Civil Engineering

Engineering is a term applied to the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied to the efficient use of the materials and forces of nature. Engineers are the ones who have received professional training in pure and applied science. Before the middle of the 18th century, large-scale construction work was usually placed in the hands of military engineers. Military engineering involved such work as the preparation of topographical maps, the location, design, and construction of roads and bridges; and the building of forts and docks; see Military Engineering below. In the 18th century, however, the term civil engineering came into use to describe engineering work that was performed by civilians for nonmilitary purposes.

Civil engineering is the broadest of the engineering fields. Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the world which include Waterworks, Sewers, Dams, Power Plants, Transmission Towers/Lines, Railroads, Highways, Bridges, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways, Terminals, Industrial Plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc. Among the important subdivisions of the field are construction engineering, irrigation engineering, transportation engineering, soils and foundation engineering, geodetic engineering, hydraulic engineering, and coastal and ocean engineering.

Civil engineers build the world’s infrastructure. In doing so, they quietly shape the history of nations around the world. Most people can not imagine life without the many contributions of civil engineers to the public’s health, safety and standard of living. Only by exploring civil engineering’s influence in shaping the world we know today, can we creatively envision the progress of our tomorrows.

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3,799 comments on "Civil Engineering Home"

Bismark Ayine says:

Nice site

zayaur rahman says:

laterally supported pier foundation support a 1 storey house. 200mm*210mm concrete piers space 3.0m apart support the principal framing members. the 200mm thick footing supporting the pier are located 900mm below the base of the piers.based on the prescriptive requirements in div.b,9.15., the maximum permitted height of the piers measured from the top of the footing to the under side of principle framing member is

zayaur rahman says:

for load from a column exerts 600kn on dense silt directly beneath the footing.soft clay is located 1m below the footing and a water table at 900mm below the footing. based on section 9.4., the pressure on the soft clay is acceptable.

zayaur rahman says:

laterally supported pier foundation support a 1 storey house. 200 mm*210mm concrete piers space 3.0m apart support the principal framing members. the 200mm thick footing supporting the pier are located 900mm below the base of the piers.based on the prescriptive requirements in div.b,9.15., the maximum permitted height of the piers measured from the top of the footing to the under side of principle framing member is

Suryakanth reddy says:

How far the water sump can be constructed from pillar.Is it recomendable to construct 1feat near to pillar for 5floor building.

Jyoti says:

Great Work

alia says:

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I really like to appreciate the efforts you get with writing this post. Thanks for sharing

Shubham Ghuge says:

Thanks a lot, sir for these most useful articles on this site, Thanks sir.

naman says:

I agree in civil engineerig you can be praised to showcase your creativity

Otene says:

Good information i want it
Many thanks

vnkutty says:

is there any body or company who can assess the strength of a 5 year old 10 story building which has developed some symtpoms?. He has to assess and give a detailed report on the condition of the building

Danjuma Salim lage says:

I like it

bilal ansari says:

very informative website
thanks to the people who r working on it.
hats off brothers

Titus kiprono says:

Personally i am learning alot, its brilliant

Rateb khubia says:

Thank you

Younus Peerbaye says:

what is a tension reinforced concrete column

Tanaya Nasle Nasle says:

Pls send us more details

Kumayon Oluwaseun says:

I’m a mason looking for an engineer to be working with

Kweku Amoako says:

A solution to shoring up building constructed over concrete drain pipe.

MohammedAfsarShaikh says:

Very good site with lots of information..

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