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Planning and Management

What is Tendering in Construction?

Tendering is getting bids for big projects, which a government agency usually does. The most important parts of the building tendering process are favoritism and crime when giving projects to architecture firms. A tender is an economic incentive to do work. During the early stage of this tender resolution, framers will be asked to submit waterproof tenders for construction at a certain time. In this article, we will learn about tendering process in construction.

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Site Preparation of Building Construction Project

What is Site Preparation?
The term “site preparation” describes the actions taken before an engineer begins their work. The site cleared in preparation for the new building is called the old or unfriendly site. Since the land and structures already there are suitable for the construction work that will soon begin there, site preparation is not required.

Before construction, the site must be prepared by demolishing old buildings, clearing building sites, mapping underground services and wires, doing a site survey and layout, and treating termites. To get a construction site ready, blasting, test drilling, landfilling, leveling, earth-moving, excavating, land drainage, and other types of land preparation. Construction Work on preparing the site is important for any project. Before the main building work begins, a construction site needs to be set up.

There may be a lot of obstacles on the construction site, such as old buildings or structures, big trees, sloping ground, loose soil, and underground services. It could cause problems when building. For construction projects to go smoothly, the site must be ready for the building before work can begin.
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Drones Used In Construction

The role of drones in construction is new and something which can bring revolution to the construction world. Earlier all the work had to be executed manually starting from drawing to building houses or detecting structural defects that arise from time to time. All these have been replaced by technology to a large extent. Calculations like building estimates needed extensive time in calculating with the help of a pen, paper, and calculator but now software is available that reduces time and effort for doing cumbersome calculations. Similarly, drones provide various advantages that are beneficial for saving time and labor work. Not only this, accuracy in work increases, and better perception of the ongoing work is facilitated. All the pros and cons along with additional data are discussed here.

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What is Thermal Bridging in construction? How is it prevented?

The movement of heat across an object that is more conductive than the materials it is surrounded by is referred to as thermal bridging. Heat flows through a path of least resistance created by the conductive material. Thermal bridging can be a significant cause of energy loss in homes and buildings, resulting in increased utility bills. The object’s overall thermal resistance is reduced as a result of thermal bridges. Thermal bridges result in heat transfer into or out of conditioned space and are commonly discussed in the context of a building’s thermal envelope.

Fig 1: Concept of Thermal Bridge
Fig 1: Concept of Thermal Bridge
Source: Civil Engineering Quora

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Successful Project Management in the Construction Industry Definition & Characteristic Activities

Sreenivasa Hassan Jayaram

Definition: Project Management is the creation and scientific discipline of changing over a thought into outcome effectively and professionally.

Project Management gives the clear forecast of Planning, Execution and Communication.

Characteristic Project Management Activities:

  • Approval
  • Plan and schedule
  • Distribution of responsibility
  • Direct to accomplishments
  • Know expectations
  • Resolve Issues
  • Track Project
  • Communicate to stakeholders

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Types of Contracts in Construction Management

Contracts provide a legal framework or a set of protocols to be carried out to establish a legal settlement between the two parties involved. It avoids any such unnecessary confusion that may arise leading to disputes. These are the keys to guide business relationships across all sectors. Not only that, these are helpful for contractors to better estimate the time and money to be used up in the project. Also, it helps the contractors to utilise their powers for gaining maximum profit out of it.

When contracts are not met as per the requirements, then action has to be taken at the initial stages, otherwise conflicts may arise leading to unprofessionalism and disputes. Contracts address labour requirements, incentives involved, money matters, time of delivery, economic construction, choice of equipment, and so on. Thus, it is essential if the construction works are to be carried out smoothly.
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Methods of Building Estimate

For earthwork in excavation, foundation which are symmetrical, brickwork in superstructure and plinth and concrete in foundation, two methods are there for estimation. These are-

1. Separate or Individual wall method and
2. Centre Line Method.

With these methods the lengths and widths of various items are mainly found out which helps in calculations.
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Concept of Zero Energy Building

Aswin Kumar Das
Suvendu Parida
Subha Prakash Ratha
Phani Bhusan Panda
Bishnu Prasad Gariagadu
Diptimayee Sahu
Priyanka Sahu
Anubhab Panigrahi

Chapter- 1 Introduction
1.1. General:

Mahatma Gandhi envisioned a society where the man would live in harmony with nature. He Propounded having self-sufficient village communities to achieve this goal, having a civilization built on renewable resources. He insisted for the growth of human beings from every stratum of the society and to avoid wasteful use of resources. It is in the Indian culture system to find use for everything, which may be considered as waste by many. However in the race of rapid urbanization and globalization we have lost these practices leading to unsustainable growth of cities.

As per Figure 1.1, by 2008, 30% of Indian population was living in cities generating 58% of the total GDP of India. It is estimated that by 2030, more than 40% of Indians would be living in urban areas contributing to about 70% of the GDP. The cities are going to be the engines of growth for India to become a developed nation and so, the quality of life needs to be improved for sustaining the growth in the long term. India being the second most populated country in the world has some of the most densely populated cities in the world. The rise in Indian economy in the last couple of decades has created many job opportunities in the cities leading to a rapid influx of migrants from the rural areas to the urban areas.

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Increase in cost of construction materials and labour : A challenge to overcome

Sourav Dutta
Ion Exchange India Limited

Conventional way of rebar lapping / splicing as per BIS


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Study Of Planning of Public Building

Er. Vikas Ubale
Vidya Pratishthan’s College of Engineering, Baramati

Urban India today, faces serious challenges of growth and its management. Across geographies, the issues of urbanization manifest in the form of overcrowding, congestion, insufficient infrastructure, inadequate service provisioning mainly in terms of drinking water, sanitation, energy, transport, solid waste management, environmental degradation, and pollution, etc. These, along with the poor management of rapid growth, affect the socioeconomic development of the country.

So by using newly and broadly available technique in construction infrastructure town planning engineer or planner can establish well developed buildings. Which are good in aesthetic safety proof and any disaster free. Public buildings are old in construction such as famous auditorium markets schools colleges are good in construction but sometimes safety issues are creates for such kind of view it is necessary to study and built safer public building. Again with safety there are lot of energy systems are used in public buildings such as lights fuels gas water etc. Due to urbanization these things are very much required to human beings but these things are non renewable or pollution making things so it is need to use concept of green buildings used in the public buildings.

Plan of the building is the assembling and grouping and arranging its component parts in systematic manner and in proper order. So as to form a meaningful wholesome and homogeneous body with a comprehensive look out to meet its functional purpose.

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