Is the procurement of third party insurance necessary to be incorporated in contract for construction works?

The purpose of third party insurance is to protect contractors from bankruptcy in case there are severe accidents happened to the third party due to the construction work. Therefore, in government contracts, contractors are requested contractually to procure third party insurance from the commencement of contract until the end of Maintenance Period. If contractors have the financial capability to handle the claims due to accidents to third party, the client is not bound to include this requirement in the contract.


This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

If the contractor is liable for defective works for 12 years with contract under seal (6 years with contract not under seal), then what is the significance of Maintenance Period?

Defective works constitute a breach of contract in accordance with Limitation Ordinance (Cap. 347).

An action founded on simple contract (not under seal) shall not be brought after expiration of 6 years while an action founded with contract under seal shall not be brought after expiration of 12 years. For construction works, the date of counting these actions should be the date of substantial completion.


To answer the above question, one should note that under the contractual requirement, the contractor during Maintenance Period has the right to rectify the defects and the employer has also the right to request the contractor to make good defective work. However, after the expiry of Maintenance Period, in case of any arising of defects, the employer has to employ others to rectify these works and bring the action to court to claim the contractor for the costs associated.

This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

What are the causes of delays in implementation of Projects?

“A project” is a discrete set of inter-related work activities constrained by a specific scope, budget, and schedule to deliver, performed in a logical sequence to attain a specific result and achieve the strategic goals of an Organisation. Each activity, and the entire project, has a Start and Finish date.

“Project Management” is the tools, techniques, and processes for defining, initiating, planning, organizing, controlling, and leading a project to conclusion and delivering the predefined results. Projects are parts, or subsystems, of much bigger systems called businesses of the organisation. Projects, of course, are not implemented and operated in a vacuum. Each project has or uses elements such as processes, participants, policies, procedures, and requirements, some of which are dependent upon and interact with related elements in the larger business system.

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Structure Of Feasibility Studies To Develop A Port

Rapid changes in the technological environment of marine transportation and the increasing integration of waterborne traffic systems have fostered a revolution in the design and operation of terminal facilities, cargo handling technology, utilization and storage. This in turn has caused major changes in the functions and uses of Ports. Technological developments in ports have increased cargo handling rates, improved operational methods, facilitated sea channel and landside access, introduced the potential for completely automated navigational guidance and introduced handling of new physical forms of cargo.

In developing a port we need to perform feasibility studies before making any firm investment commitments. Feasibility studies provide reviews and evaluations on technical, economic and commercial aspects of a proposed new port project, which became a basis for an investment decision on the project. Since the amount of investment required in developing port facilities is huge undertaking accurate feasibility studies is ever more demanded to ensure the attainment of predetermined objectives in todays world of uncertain demand and changes.
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What is CDIS?

Coordinate Design & Information System (CDIS) is a technology that was first made public a decade ago in a February, 2001 article published in Professional Surveyor Magazine that can be read at explaining what was to be a revolution in technology with a promise to obsolete CAD and GIS based systems.
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