What is the difference between trial pit, trial trench and inspection pit?

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A trial pit is used for obtaining information on the subsurface soil conditions. It allows logging of the various soils types and soil sampling. Typical size of trial pits has minimum base plan area of 1.5m2. Trial trench serves the same purpose of trial pit except that they differ in size and dimension. For instance, the length of a trial trench is normally larger than its width by a certain factor (e.g. 5) to cater for its “trench” shape.


An inspection pit is a pit used for identifying and positioning of underground utilities and structure.

This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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