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What is the difference between compensation grouting and normal grouting?

Compensation grouting is a technique to offset settlement induced during tunneling and underground excavation. The main idea of compensation grouting is to inject grouts into the zone between tunnel and overlying building to compensate for ground loss and stress relieve owing to underground excavation. The injection of grout changes the in-situ stress state and influences the soil deformation.


Compensation grouting could be implemented by fracture grouting and compaction grouting. Normal grouting can be carried out in situations such as post-grouting of mini-piles and filling of voids without the effect of compensation of ground loss and stress relieve.

This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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