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The concept of ground freezing involves the lowering of temperature of ground near the excavation area. Drillholes with designed spacing are installed so that a chilled brine or liquid nitrogen is introduced into the holes. Brine requires continuous circulation while liquid nitrogen is for rapid freezing and it is unrecoverable. With the addition of a chilled brine or liquid nitrogen, the groundwater is frozen into ice. Upon frozen, soils exhibit higher shear strength and the frozen zone acts as an impermeable barrier so that water could not enter the excavation zone.
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