Pervious Concrete – Effect of Material Proportions on Porosity

By
Dhawal Desai

ABSTRACT
This paper describes the effect of size of aggregates and proportions of cement, aggregates, admixture and water on porosity of Pervious concrete which is the main feature of pervious concrete. Different sample blocks were made in lab with variations in mixture to see the porosity for final conclusion

INTRODUCTION
Pervious concrete is a type of concrete with high porosity. It is used for concrete flatwork applications that allow water to pass directly through it, thereby reducing the runoff from a site and allowing groundwater recharge. The high porosity is attained by a highly interconnected void content. Typically pervious concrete has water to cementitious materials ratio (w/cm) of 0.28 to 0.40 with a void content of 18 to 35%.
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Behavior of Concrete in Shear and Torsion with Different Types of Steel Fiber Using Constant Volume Fractions and Different Aspect Ratio

By
Kishor Sambhaji Sable (Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Sangamner, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India)

Yogesh Ravindra Suryawanshi (M.E Civil (Structures), Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Sangamner, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India)

Mehetre Amol Jagganath (Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, Amrutvahini College of Engineering, Sangamner, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India)

Abstract:
In this modern age, civil engineering constructions have their own structural and durability requirements. Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC) is a composite material made primarily from hydraulic cements, aggregates and discrete reinforcing fibers. Fiber incorporation in concrete, mortar and cement paste enhances many of the engineering properties of these materials such as fracture toughness, flexural strength, resistance to fatigue, impact, thermal shock and spalling.

The SFRC is a composite material made of cement, fine and coarse aggregates and discontinuous discrete steel fibers. Recently developed an analytical model to predict the shear, torsional strength and bending torsion behavior of fiber reinforced concrete beam with experimental substantiation. However, very little work has been reported in combined torsion and shear. Similarly to beam with conversional reinforcement, the presence of shear may significance influence on torsional strength of fiber concrete beams. Present paper investigates the mechanical properties like as shear strength, and torsion strength of concrete with different types of steel fiber with constant volume fractions and different aspect ratio.

Key words: Aspect ratio, Fatigue, Flexural strength, Fracture toughness, Mechanical properties, Spalling, Volume fraction.
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Concrete Aggregates From Discarded Tyre Rubber

By
Kaushal kishore
Materials Engineer, Roorkee

The scarcity and availability at reasonable rates of sand and aggregate are now giving anxiety to the construction industry. Over years, deforestation and extraction of natural aggregates from river beds, lakes and other water bodies have resulted in huge environmental problems. Erosion of the existing topography usually results in flooding and landslides. Moreover, the filtration of rain water achieved by deposits of natural sand is being lost, thereby causing contamination of water reserves used for human consumption. Hence, to prevent pollution authorities are imposing more and more stringent restrictions on the extraction of natural aggregates and its crushing. The best way to overcome this problem is to find alternate aggregates for construction in place of conventional natural aggregates. Rubber aggregates from discarded tyre rubber in sizes 20-10 mm, 10-4.75 mm and 4.75 mm down can be partially replaced natural aggregates in cement concrete construction.

About one crore 10 lakhs all types of new vehicles are added each year to the Indian roads. The increase of about three crores discarded tyres each year pose a potential threat to the environment. New tyre is made of natural rubber (also called virgin rubber), styrene-Butadien Rubber (SBR), Polybutadienc Rubber (PBR), Carbon black, Nylon tyre cord, rubber chemicals, steel tyre card and Butyl rubber.
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Screeners – River Bed Uncrushed Aggregates For Concrete

By
Kaushal Kishore
Materials Engineer
Roorkee

INTRODUCTION:
SCREENERS companies near Dehradun and elsewhere have set up highly sophisticated as well as, eco-friendly screening and washing plants for the production of uncrushed (Shingle) coarse aggregates and coarse sand direct from river bed. These plants are producing and supplying uncrushed (Shingle) aggregates of sizes 40 mm, 20 mm, 12.5 mm and river coarse sand, which complies to the specifications of
IS : 383-19702.

Our construction sites, particularly Govt. Departments hesitates in the use of uncrushed coarse aggregate as so far they are being supplied to them direct from river bed or by manual sieving without washing them with water. Thus neither they are clean nor properly graded. This draw back is not with the uncrushed aggregates produces and supplied from SCREENERS modern plants with regular quality control. In this booklet the readers will find that when quality uncrushed aggregates are available not only economically but locally, our construction sites particularly Govt. Departments should not hesitate in the use of uncrushed aggregates from the river bed and save our environment, as crusher generate pollution. Further in all the Civil Engineering Codes uncrushed aggregates from river bed has been specified to be used in our all Civil Engineering Construction.
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Effect Of Different Curing Methods On The Compressive Strength Of Concrete

By
O. James ,P.N.Ndoke and S.S.Kolo
Department Of Civil Engineering, Federal University Of Technology.
Minna.

ABSTRACT
Normal concrete was prepared with a water-cement ratio of 0.50. cube specimens were cast for testing the compressive strength at 7 and 28 days of curing respectively using three curing methods namely immersion, sprinkling and Plastic sheeting, curing to cure the cube specimens until the day of testing. Test results indicates that water curing (WAC) as well as sprinkling (spraying) curing provided much better results than membrane (Plastic Sheeting) method of curing. The rate of drying was significant when the specimens were subjected to membrane (Plastic sheeting) method of curing. This thus hampered the hydration process and thus affected the compressive strength property of the hardened concrete. The overall finding of this study suggests that concrete should be cured by water curing to achieve a better compressive strength.

Keywords:
Curing method, compressive strength, concrete
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