What is the significance of critical slope in hydraulic design of box culvert?

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Critical slope is the minimum slope in which maximum discharge shall occur without requiring the box culvert to flow full. For box culverts with slope less than critical slope, at low headwater it tends to flow full and eventually requires a higher headwater depth to convey the same amount of water required for culverts with slopes greater than critical slope.

This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.


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