Various Types Of Cranes

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A crane is a tower or derrick that is equipped with cables and pulleys that are used to lift and lower material. They are commonly used in the construction industry and in the manufacturing of heavy equipment. Cranes for construction are normally temporary
structures, either fixed to the ground or mounted on a purpose built vehicle.

They can either be controlled from an operator in a cab that travels along with the crane, by a push button pendant control station, or by radio type controls. The crane operator is ultimately responsible for the safety of the crews and the crane.

Mobile Cranes
The most basic type of crane consists of a steel truss or telescopic boom mounted on a mobile platform, which could be a rail, wheeled, or even on a cat truck. The boom is hinged at the bottom and can be either raised or lowered by cables or hydraulic cylinders.


Telescopic Crane
This type of crane offers a boom that consists of a number of tubes fitted one inside of the other. A hydraulic mechanism extends or retracts the tubes to increase or decrease the length of the boom.


Tower Crane
The tower crane is a modern form of a balance crane. When fixed to the ground, tower cranes will often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are also used when constructing tall buildings.



Truck Mounted Crane
Cranes mounted on a rubber tire truck will provide great mobility. Outriggers that extend vertically or horizontally are used to level and stabilize the crane during hoisting.


Rough Terrain Crane
A crane that is mounted on an undercarriage with four rubber tires, designed for operations off road. The outriggers extend vertically and horizontally to level and stabilize the crane when hoisting. These types of cranes are single engine machines where the same engine is used for powering the undercarriage as it is for powering the crane. In these types of cranes, the engine is normally mounted in the undercarriage rather than
in the upper portion.


Loader Crane
A loader crane is a hydraulically powered articulated arm fitted to a trailer, used to load equipment onto a trailer. The numerous sections can be folded into a small space when the crane isn’t in use.



Overhead Crane
Also refered to as a suspended crane, this type is normally used in a factory, with some of them being able to lift very heavy loads. The hoist is set on a trolley which will move in one direction along one or two beams, which move at angles to that direction along elevated or ground level tracks, often mounted along the side of an assembly area.


In the excavation world, cranes are used to move equipment or machinery. Cranes can quickly and easily move machinery into trenches or down steep hills, or even pipe. There are many types of cranes available, serving everything from excavation to road work.

Cranes are also beneficial to building bridges or construction. For many years, cranes have proven to be an asset to the industry of construction and excavating. Crane operators make really good money, no matter what type of crane they are operating.

This article was submitted by Er. Vikrant

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  • Noorullah Alam March 16, 2011 at 11:49 am

    thanks it was a great information for me

  • mahtabuzzaman May 10, 2011 at 2:43 pm

    thanks a lot,4 uniformally information

  • KARTHIK May 12, 2011 at 5:01 am

    i want to see the all types of crane

  • Ibas May 24, 2011 at 4:10 pm

    Thanks alot, but please are the all the types of cranes that exist?

  • Anthony stephen June 19, 2011 at 11:14 am

    Please sir, where can i lean how to operate crane

  • Tony July 20, 2011 at 5:23 am

    Please provide the different types of cranes with labeled parts. Thank you!

  • dheeraj August 3, 2011 at 2:22 am

    Hi sir,
    I am in search of a crane, which lifts beam horizontally first and later in mid air turns it vertically…condition: using only one hook!!!

  • vinayak c kamath October 5, 2011 at 8:10 am

    sir let me know more about shangvi cranes service

  • jawahar October 11, 2011 at 12:14 pm

    i want to learn how to oprate a tower crane

    • Pandiyan December 25, 2011 at 12:11 am

      Dear Jawahar,
      you don’t know Crane training centers. Let know one of the best crane training center in Mango,Jamshedpur, Jharkhand State in India. Sri Saastha’s Heavy Equipments Technical Institution. It is one of the best crane training institute. So I am given their mobile phone nos are here, you please contact immediatly. 09835547239 & 08092573908

  • Dani October 16, 2011 at 8:24 am

    This gave me some good information, but I have to do a project on types of cranes, and include how they work and what they hold. Could you please give me some more info? The project is due tomorrow. Thanks.

  • shaik saleem ahemd October 31, 2011 at 6:28 am

    thanks it was a great information for me
    i want to see the all types of crane
    with there parts

  • matthew aremu November 7, 2011 at 1:00 pm

    i thank u a lot 4 d information u provide free of charge. I want to know how to operate crane especially over head crane and all safety aspect.

  • Najeeb Ahmed November 8, 2011 at 12:59 am

    Dear sir
    I want Information for STS and RTG Crane

  • rolie November 15, 2011 at 12:36 pm

    thankyou very much for the educational information.,…more power

  • dig vijay kumar sing December 3, 2011 at 11:54 pm

    i wants to know different types of crane booms deatails

  • anuj December 9, 2011 at 11:56 pm

    its a Great information for me.

  • Nick December 14, 2011 at 8:06 am

    I want to know how to operate mobile crane through elearning.And later get to field

  • irshad khan December 16, 2011 at 12:44 am

    Thanku, i ghather lot knowladge about crane but i want to know about worlds’biggest crane.

  • Biju Moni December 30, 2011 at 12:59 pm

    Can you tell me about the types of cranes used in Wind turbine Generators erection?

  • jj.robert January 8, 2012 at 2:48 pm

    thanks!now i know & saw types of crane.this will use to my future life.

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