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Various Types Of Cranes

A crane is a tower or derrick that is equipped with cables and pulleys that are used to lift and lower material. They are commonly used in the construction industry and in the manufacturing of heavy equipment. Cranes for construction are normally temporary
structures, either fixed to the ground or mounted on a purpose built vehicle.

They can either be controlled from an operator in a cab that travels along with the crane, by a push button pendant control station, or by radio type controls. The crane operator is ultimately responsible for the safety of the crews and the crane.

Mobile Cranes
The most basic type of crane consists of a steel truss or telescopic boom mounted on a mobile platform, which could be a rail, wheeled, or even on a cat truck. The boom is hinged at the bottom and can be either raised or lowered by cables or hydraulic cylinders.

Mobile Cranes

Telescopic Crane
This type of crane offers a boom that consists of a number of tubes fitted one inside of the other. A hydraulic mechanism extends or retracts the tubes to increase or decrease the length of the boom.

Telescopic Mobile Crane

Tower Crane
The tower crane is a modern form of a balance crane. When fixed to the ground, tower cranes will often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are also used when constructing tall buildings.


Tower crane picture

Truck Mounted Crane
Cranes mounted on a rubber tire truck will provide great mobility. Outriggers that extend vertically or horizontally are used to level and stabilize the crane during hoisting.

Truck Mounted Crane Knuckle Boom picture

Rough Terrain Crane
A crane that is mounted on an undercarriage with four rubber tires, designed for operations off road. The outriggers extend vertically and horizontally to level and stabilize the crane when hoisting. These types of cranes are single engine machines where the same engine is used for powering the undercarriage as it is for powering the crane. In these types of cranes, the engine is normally mounted in the undercarriage rather than
in the upper portion.

Rough terrain crane picture

Loader Crane
A loader crane is a hydraulically powered articulated arm fitted to a trailer, used to load equipment onto a trailer. The numerous sections can be folded into a small space when the crane isn’t in use.

Loader Crane picture


Overhead Crane
Also refered to as a suspended crane, this type is normally used in a factory, with some of them being able to lift very heavy loads. The hoist is set on a trolley which will move in one direction along one or two beams, which move at angles to that direction along elevated or ground level tracks, often mounted along the side of an assembly area.

Overhead Crane picture

In the excavation world, cranes are used to move equipment or machinery. Cranes can quickly and easily move machinery into trenches or down steep hills, or even pipe. There are many types of cranes available, serving everything from excavation to road work.

Cranes are also beneficial to building bridges or construction. For many years, cranes have proven to be an asset to the industry of construction and excavating. Crane operators make really good money, no matter what type of crane they are operating.

This article was submitted by Er. Vikrant

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

If you have a query, you can ask a question here.

85 comments on "Various Types Of Cranes"

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mohamed aiash says:

i need type of crane

chanakya says:

types of crane and their SWL

jayaprakasha says:

I want to know the capacity of the crane

admin says:

@ Jayaprakasha
Which type of crane you wish to know

Anwar Sadiq says:

Pls send me the details of different types of cranes and their safety points.


rohan019 says:

pls send me information about on different types of hoisting eqipments ?


I needto know the types of cranes with loading capacity, functions and
lifting capacity as each boom extension.

rajat sharma says:

real estate sec totly depends on these crains…..

Jobin says:

What u mean by the heeling angle in the crane……….

waseem iqbal says:

i need detail types of crane with introduction and some snapes for explanation

aja says:

i want to know about :
~ description of the equipment, manufacturer,model, where to purchase and rent, purchasing cost and rental cost
~ specification ( engine,hydraulic )
~ components and features
~ attachment
~ performance, operation, production

syed faizan amin says:

i want to know about types of crane which has to be studied under safety management course

sai mohit mukul says:

the think i need to know is difference b/w single,dual,mobile type of cranes their working hours their weight handling constraints duration of time they could work for and their perfect usage in real time construction

Mohammed hammouda says:

I need to know where i can get a Training, test, and Certification to work with any type of Cranes in Egypt.

vishvas says:

Dear Sir,
i am beginner into the sales shibuilding and shipping industry ,
working with small player,
i want knw about technical specifications of crane andtheir meaning,
expecting ur reply asap,

esther says:

how much for purchase 1 unit of rail mounted crane?

Esinkunmo Donald says:

pls send me details on all the types of crains,their work areas,safe use as well as rigging material

Solomon says:

I am a crane operator.I need to refresh my skill and how to refresh the skill of crane operation?

Solomon says:

How to operate tower crane?

Viral raval says:

Good day sir,
I want information about types of cranes & its safety feature (built in -safety) & also know about inspection in differents cranes safety at field work.
now i am study in safety course ,gujarat .pls give this information as soon as possible sir…….

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