Determine The In-Situ Dry Density Of Soil By Core Cutter Method

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This test is done to determine the in-situ dry density of soil by core cutter method as per IS: 2720 (Part XXIX) – 1975.The apparatus needed for this test is

i) Cylindrical core cutter
ii) Steel dolley
iii) Steel rammer
iv) Balance, with an accuracy of 1g
v) Straightedge
vi) Square metal tray – 300mm x 300mm x 40mm
vii) Trowel

Procedure Determine The In-Situ Dry Density Of Soil By Core Cutter Method
i) The internal volume (V) of the core cutter in cc should be calculated from its dimensions which should be measured to the nearest 0.25mm.

ii) The core cutter should be weighed to the nearest gram (W1).


iii) A small area, approximately 30cm square of the soil layer to be tested should be exposed and levelled. The steel dolly should be placed on top of the cutter and the latter should be rammed down vertically into the soil layer until only about 15mm of the dolly protrudes above the surface, care being taken not to rock the cutter. The cutter should then be dug out of the surrounding soil, care being taken to allow some soil to project from the lower end of the cutter. The ends of the soil core should then be trimmed flat in level with the ends of the cutter by means of the straightedge.

iv) The cutter containing the soil core should be weighed to the nearest gram (W2).

v) The soil core should be removed from the cutter and a representative sample should be placed in an air-tight container and its water content (w)


Bulk density of the soil g cc Y = [W2 – W1]/ V g/cc
Dry density of the soil g cc Yd = 100Y/[100+w] g/cc

Average of at least three determinations should be reported to the second place of decimal in g/cc.
A sample proforma for the record of the test results is given below


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  • s.s.hati July 8, 2011 at 11:37 am

    What is the nos of core to be taken of 1000 sq.m in case of circular area and in case of rectangular area ( of width 5m ,length 200m) for testing sand compaction of 200 mm thk. Layer?

    • jess August 23, 2011 at 12:16 am

      every 500m2 = 1 point of test~

      • Amit Soni May 9, 2016 at 6:57 am

        where it is mention (Any IS, CPWD) ? every 500m2 = 1 point of test

  • Keshav R Kulkarni. September 19, 2011 at 4:31 am

    Core recovery should be not less than 25%.Not understood.Please comment

  • Asoke Mandal December 21, 2011 at 12:17 pm


  • waqas February 5, 2012 at 4:41 am

    what is the method to check the soil particles which made the different properties of soils

  • bass February 24, 2012 at 1:04 pm

    what happens when construction work is carried out with sugar water?

  • dinesh babu n April 14, 2012 at 10:48 pm

    what is the minimum average value of dry density of soils .and liquid limit value

  • tushar n patel August 9, 2012 at 1:55 pm

    How many numbers of test should be performed per square mentre of earth filled up area to check the compaction of test?

  • ch. prabin chandra September 14, 2012 at 8:44 am

    sand replacement method is accurate than core cutter method test…

  • Fahad satti October 17, 2012 at 1:02 am

    In which soil core cuttertmethod can be used.

  • krishan Sameera May 6, 2013 at 10:37 am

    sir could u please explain limitation of this test

  • pawan gurve August 25, 2013 at 9:56 am

    please send me the viva questions based on the all experiments of GT-1 including core cutter method and all.

  • Monim ul Islam August 27, 2013 at 7:16 am

    Every 1000 m2 10 nos. points required for density test (Compaction Test)

    • M A Peerzadah December 15, 2015 at 11:50 pm

      Out of 10 tests some may fail, is there any criteria, on how many (percent) failed tests are acceptable.

  • Deepak Nandedkar September 11, 2013 at 11:27 pm

    Why we determine bulk density and dry density of sand by 2 different methods?
    And what is the conclusion?

  • b.govindharajan January 17, 2014 at 3:04 am

    how convert desity in to load in terms of newton

  • k chinna sai kumar July 6, 2014 at 8:17 am

    what is the use for calculating the density of soil

  • Yunusa Hamisu Gabasaw. September 14, 2014 at 12:26 pm

    Thanks for your educative presentation, the insitu density of soil procedure contain in this page is found to be useful.thanks allot.

  • Mahalakshmi October 29, 2014 at 5:53 am

    define sand core density?

  • imtiaz khan December 27, 2015 at 6:21 am

    why 100 is being added in the moisture content while calculating dry density of soil

  • H.S.Karki March 13, 2016 at 11:03 am

    what is the calculating moisture content formula

  • akshay ll April 27, 2017 at 12:34 pm

    How to find % of compaction….?

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