Determine The In-Situ Dry Density Of Soil By Core Cutter Method

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This test is done to determine the in-situ dry density of soil by core cutter method as per IS: 2720 (Part XXIX) – 1975.The apparatus needed for this test is

i) Cylindrical core cutter
ii) Steel dolley
iii) Steel rammer
iv) Balance, with an accuracy of 1g
v) Straightedge
vi) Square metal tray – 300mm x 300mm x 40mm
vii) Trowel

Procedure Determine The In-Situ Dry Density Of Soil By Core Cutter Method
i) The internal volume (V) of the core cutter in cc should be calculated from its dimensions which should be measured to the nearest 0.25mm.

ii) The core cutter should be weighed to the nearest gram (W1).


iii) A small area, approximately 30cm square of the soil layer to be tested should be exposed and levelled. The steel dolly should be placed on top of the cutter and the latter should be rammed down vertically into the soil layer until only about 15mm of the dolly protrudes above the surface, care being taken not to rock the cutter. The cutter should then be dug out of the surrounding soil, care being taken to allow some soil to project from the lower end of the cutter. The ends of the soil core should then be trimmed flat in level with the ends of the cutter by means of the straightedge.

iv) The cutter containing the soil core should be weighed to the nearest gram (W2).

v) The soil core should be removed from the cutter and a representative sample should be placed in an air-tight container and its water content (w)


Bulk density of the soil g cc Y = [W2 – W1]/ V g/cc
Dry density of the soil g cc Yd = 100Y/[100+w] g/cc

Average of at least three determinations should be reported to the second place of decimal in g/cc.
A sample proforma for the record of the test results is given below


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  • hanif patel May 22, 2017 at 4:16 am

    how many sample taken in 100 ?

  • Ankit December 22, 2017 at 9:24 am

    Moisture content nikalte time calcium carbide soil k sath konsi gas niklti hai moisture meter se

  • shanduru .t June 4, 2020 at 8:37 am

    sir how to take in moisture content in (w) in %

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