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Why is geotextile filter introduced below the rockfill layer of a typical box culvert?

In a typical box culvert, at the interface between rockfill layer and sub-grade, a layer of geotextile filter is usually added to perform separation function. With the addition of geotextile filter layer, it avoids the intermixing of widely different soil granulations so as to reduce long-term settlement.

Moreover, it also prevents interpenetration of rockfill into sub-grade so that the deformed configuration of rockfill may impair its intended function of load spreading.


This question is taken from book named – A Closer Look at Prevailing Civil Engineering Practice – What, Why and How by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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