Why are axial flow pumps suitable for large flows and low heads?

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It is well known that axial flow pumps are most suitable for providing large flows and low heads. The reason behind this is closely related to the configuration and design of the pumps. In axial flow pumps, the size of inlet diameter is greater than that of impeller diameter. For low flow condition the velocity is relatively small and this increases the chances of occurrence of separation which brings about additional head losses and vibration. On the contrary, if the discharge is large enough the problem of separation is minimized.


This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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