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What are the functions of different layers in the trench of flexible pipes?

A typical pipe trench for flexible pipes is divided into the following layers:

(i) Final backfill
This region has little influence on the performance of pipes. However, as it is close to existing road surface, it highly affects functioning of roads and structures.

(ii) Initial backfill
This zone provides some assistance in supporting pipe loads. It mainly serves to prevent the flexible pipe from damage upon placement of final backfill. It is beneficial to increase the depth of this region.

(iii) Haunching
This zone provides the resistance to pipe deflection and support pipe loads.


(iv) Bedding
This zone is commonly made up of compacted fill materials. It serves to provide even support for pipe laying and to maintain the pipe with correct line and level.

bedding layers

This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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