What are the Characteristics of Contours?

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Contours show distinct characteristic features of the terrain as follows:

i) All points on a contour line are of the same elevation.

ii) No two contour lines can meet or cross each other except in the rare case of an overhanging vertical cliff or wall
iii) Closely spaced contour lines indicate steep slope

iv) Widely spaced contour lines indicate gentle slope

v) Equally spaced contour lines indicate uniform slope

vi) Closed contour lines with higher elevation towards the centre indicate hills

vii) Closed contour lines with reducing levels towards the centre indicate pond or other depression.

viii) Contour lines of ridge show higher elevation within the loop of the contours. Contour lines cross ridge at right angles.


ix) Contour lines of valley show reducing elevation within the loop of the contours. Contour lines cross valley at right angles.

x) All contour lines must close either within the map boundary or outside.

We at are thankful to Mr Ramasesh Iyer for submitting this useful information to us.

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  • sipho banda July 3, 2012 at 9:27 am

    thanks for the data, it has helped me a lot during my assignment.

  • maxwell okpanachi January 31, 2013 at 11:22 am

    i love it.

  • chris jeff February 3, 2013 at 10:15 am

    you really are helpfully u guys thanks allot…

  • Agal May 23, 2013 at 12:32 pm

    at last u r successful in making me understand about contours, in which my professors failed.. thank u

  • Abdullah September 14, 2014 at 5:24 am

    Found very helpful Thanks a lot

  • Sanjib November 26, 2014 at 11:44 am

    Good that the answers are pointwise. . .

  • Vimal December 16, 2015 at 12:19 am

    Perfectly explained

  • seda Achila October 16, 2016 at 3:47 pm

    Its real,thank you sir for the data

  • seda Achila October 16, 2016 at 3:48 pm

    thanks for the data

  • pascal June 9, 2017 at 4:14 am


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