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TYPES OF FLOOR FINISHES

TYPES OF FLOOR FINISHES

INTRODUCTION
While building houses it is important to take care of the exterior as well as interior of the building as occupants encourage having beautiful surroundings to enlighten their home. Along with wall finishes many occupants also refer various floor finishes to increase the aestheticy of their home. Floor finishes are upper part of the concrete slabs mainly covering the floors. There are various types of floor finishes which will be discussed here. Choosing the right kind of flooring is essential as to know which floor is preferable in what type of weather conditions. Like for instance, concrete or marble flooring can’t be used in cold weather conditions as it will make lower the temperature of the house more. So, in this case wood flooring is preferred as it helps to maintain a warmer temperature inside the house compared to outdoor temperature. All these will be discussed in details.

TYPES

Some of the types of floor finishes are –
1. Wooden flooring
Such types of flooring is mostly preferred in cold winter as wood is a bad conductor of heat and so warm temperature is maintained in the house. Small pieces of planks when kept together leaving no voids in between, constitute the wooden flooring. In some floorings a thin layer of veneer finish is also given to enhance the look. The veneer finish comes in matte as well as in glossy form. It is solely up to the owner of the house to select the suitable type of finish.

It offers some advantages like –

Some disadvantages are:

Wooden flooring
Fig 1: Wooden flooring
COURTESY: MIKASA REAL WOOD FLOORS

2. Concrete flooring
Concrete flooring is preferred in hot weather conditions as it maintains the temperature inside the house cool. Nowadays, many textures have emerged in concrete flooring and so people are opting such flooring.

It offers some advantages like –

Some disadvantages are:

Polished concrete flooring
Fig 2: Polished concrete flooring
COURTESY: THE CONCRETE NETWORK

3. Laminates
It is board made of fibre and is compressed to make a thin flat plate. On top of it an image of materials like timber, stone, marbles, tiles, etc. is provided and then that image is covered with a protective coating. It often resembles wood and is available in various shapes and sizes.

It offers advantages like –

Some disadvantages are:

Laminates
Fig 3: Laminates
COURTESY: THOMASNET

4. Ceramic tiles flooring
It is the most popular type of finish and is used extensively in kitchen and bathroom. It is made of sand and is installed using grout that is applied in between the tiles for perfect fitting.

It offers advantages like –

Some disadvantages are:

Ceramic tiles flooring
Fig 4: Ceramic tiles flooring
COURTESY: THE SPRUCE

5. Rubber flooring
Such flooring are made from synthetic rubbers or natural rubbers and these can be recycled, thus, making it environment friendly. It offers great amount of elasticity and is mainly used for domestic use.

It offers advantages like –

Some disadvantages are:

Rubber flooring
Fig 5: Rubber flooring
COURTESY: THE CONSTRUCTION SPECIFIER

CONCLUSION
There are many more variety of finishes in the market that can be used in homes to increase the beauty of the surroundings. Nowadays, not only in case of interiors but in case of exteriors also rubber flooring is preferred like artificial grass flooring that resembles real grass and is used in terraces. Also, in developed cities, tiles and other flooring is provided in pavements and outdoor areas with an attempt to make the cities beautiful.

REFERENCES

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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