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# Presentation on Foundation

By
Mohd Habeeb Ullah Shareef

This presentation covers following topics
1) What is foundation?
2) Types of foundations along with brief overview of each of them which include

a) Shallow Foundation which is further classified into

ii. Raft Foundation
iii. Compensated Foundation

b) Deep Foundation which is further classified into

i. Pile Foundation
ii. Caissons Foundation

3) Design Procedure of foundations
Step-1: Given Data
Factored load on column Pu in ‘KN’
Size of column, l x b in ‘mm’
SBC of Soil in KN/sq.m
Self weight of footing = 10% of Pu

Step-2:
Area of footing = Total Load/S.B.C
Provide a suitable size of footing L x B

Step-3:
Net upward pressure intensity,
Pu/area of footing.

Step-4:
Design for flexureCritical section occurs at the face of column l = (L – l)/2
Mutr =wl2/2

Step-5:
Depth of footing
d = [(Mu/(2.76×1000)) ]1/2

Step-6:
Calculation of area of steel,
Mu = 0.87fyAst(d-0.42xu)

Step-7:
Check for One-way shearCritical shear force occurs at a distance of‘d’ from face of the column
Nominal shear stress, Tu = v/bd for 0.15% of steel from IS456:2000, Table-19 Permissible shear stress
If Tc>Tv footing is safe in shear.

We are thankful to Mohd Habeeb Ullah Shareef for submitting this presentation and helping all civil engineers around the world in understanding the concept of foundations.

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## 5 comments on "Presentation on Foundation"

MAHESH CHAVAN says:

THE PRESENTATION OF FOUNDATION IS VERY NICE BUT YOU HAVE TO GIVE THE DETAIL COVERAGE OF FOUNDATION RELATED TOPICS

seema says:

how to calculate rough estimate by thumb rules?

SONAM CHAUHAN says:

please send me the complete detail of STROK’S LAW.

SONAM CHAUHAN says:

what is active earthpressure and passive earth pressure?

S V GANGARAJU says:

When the back fill moves towards retaining wall the pressure generated is called active earth pressure. similarly when the backfill moves away from the retaining wall the pressure generated is Passive earth pressure.