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Backhoe Loader – Construction Equipment

Also referred to as a loader backhoe, the backhoe loader is an engineering and excavation vehicle that consists of a tractor, front shovel and bucket and a small backhoe in the rear end. Due to the small size and versatility, backhoe loaders are common with small construction projects and excavation type work.Originally invented in Burlington Iowa back in 1857, the backhoe loader is the most common variation of the classic farm tractor.As the name implies, it has a loader assembly on the front and a backhoe attachment on the back.

Anytime the loader and backhoe are attached it is never referred to as a tractor, as it is not normally used for towing and doesn’t normally have a PTO.When the backhoe is permanently attached, the machine will normally have a seat that can swivel to the rear to face the backhoe controls.Any type of removable backhoe attachments will normally have a seperate seat on the attachment itself.Backhoe loaders are common and can be used for many tasks, which include construction, light transportation of materials, powering building equipment, digging holes and excavating, breaking asphalt, and even paving roads.You can often replace the backhoe bucket with other tools such as a breaker for breaking and smashing concrete and rock. There are some loader buckets that offer a retractable bottom, which enable it to empty the load more quickly and efficiently.


The retractable bottom loader buckets are often times used for grading and scratching off sand.The front assembly on a backhoe may be either removable or permanently attached. Often times,the bucket can be replaced with other tools or devices. In order to mount different attachments to the loader, it must be equipped with a tool coupler. The coupler consists of two hydraulic cylinders on the end of the arm assembly, which can expand and retract to allow different tools to be attached to the unit. There are several types of backhoe loader brands,including New Holland, John Deere, and Case. Some will offer you cabs, while others won’t.


The newer types of backhoe loaders even offer you air conditioning, radios, and other accessories that make you feel like you are working with luxury.Common with excavating jobs, the backhoe can serve many purposes. It can haul equipment and supplies in the loader bucket.Another great use is to cover up dirt when filling in trench lines or covering up pipe that was just put in the ground.The backhoe attachment at the rear is ideal for digging water pipes and sewer pipes.The best thing about the backhoe loader is the fact that they are easy to operate. You don’t need to be a rocket scientist to fully operate this nifty piece of equipment.

Submitted By : Er. Vikrant

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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15 comments on "Backhoe Loader – Construction Equipment"

Binu John says:

Many people call JCB for backhoe which is wrong

surya says:

how to get info of price value of these equipments?

Nauman says:

What meant by JCB ?

Krishna says:

JCB stands for Joseph Cyril Bamford. This is the name of the founder of the JCB Company which produces heavy duty equipment like forklifts, cranes loaders, etc.

avkash says:

forklifts means?? Plz tell me

amit pandey says:

forklift means a small loader which we used to load big size boxes

Nehru.K says:

Hi mr.Vikrant,

Thank you very much sir….

we want to know more equipments in our construction industries ….

that details published by you is very great ….

i should suggest my friends to see this website….

Thank you verymuch sir….K.NEHRU

Shreeniwas says:

Sir, can you please tell me which machine is generally used to make the ground plane.. ?

Ram, Hyderabad says:

This is very useful information for young civil engineers, thank u very much.

viral says:

I would like to know how do i calculate the efficiency of this equipment. Is there a standards method that has developed in the I.S. code ??


shaik saleem ahemd says:

sir thank u for this knowledge
and i requested u to show the pic of types of crane s

Er. Birupakshya says:

Very useful things

Er. Birupakshya says:

useful docments

Kiran,Nasik says:

Very useful information.

Dinesh Funde says:

very most usfull for civil constrution

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