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Tension anchorage length of steel reinforcement in concrete depends on bond strength. When steel reinforcement is anchored to concrete and is subjected to compressive forces, the resistance is provided by the bond strength between concrete and steel and the bearing pressure at the reinforcement end.
Tension lap length is generally longer than compression lap length. In some design codes, instead of permitting the use of bearing pressure at reinforcement ends, the allowable ultimate bond stress is increased when calculating compression anchorage length.