It is commonly believed that with the introduction of soil nails to slopes, this new combination of elements possesses higher shear strength than the original soils. In the context of Rankine’s active state, soil nailing serves to provide horizontal restraint to guard against active failure.
Moreover, when the soils inside the zone of failure are improved, block failure based on Coulomb is still feasible. By installation of soil nails, it helps to defer the original failure planes of slopes to a greater depth inside the slope, which it is normally of high stability condition with less ingress of surface rainwater.
This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.