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Should emulsified asphalts or cutback asphalts be selected as tack coat in bituminous roadworks?

Emulsified asphalt is a suspension of asphalt in water by using an emulsifying agent which imposes an electric charge on asphalt particles so that they will join and cement together. Cutback asphalt is simply asphalt dissolved in petroleum. The purpose of adding emulsifying agent in water or petroleum is to reduce viscosity of asphalt in low temperatures.

The colour of emulsion for tack coat is brown initially during the time of application. Later, the colour is changed to black when the asphalt starts to stick to the surrounding and it is described as “break”. For emulsified asphalts, when water has all evaporated, the emulsion is said to have “set”. Cutback emulsion is described to have been “cured” when the solvent has evaporated. There are several problems associated with cutback asphalts:

(i) Emulsified asphalt can be diluted with water so that a low application rate could be achieved.
(ii) The evaporation of petroleum into atmosphere for cutback asphalt poses environmental problem.
(iii) The cost of production of petroleum is higher than that of emulsifying agent and water.
Position of application of tack coat
Position of application of prime coat


This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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One comment on "Should emulsified asphalts or cutback asphalts be selected as tack coat in bituminous roadworks?"

Malik Ahmed Akhter says:

we required major difference between catonic emulsion and anoinic emulsion
Provide us ASTM D2397,AASHTO M208 specification
provide us CRS1 data sheet

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