Given a 1m high staircase resting on solid concrete, would it be adequate to design nominal reinforcement for the staircase?

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For the design of staircase, there are three main scenarios:

(i) Stairs spans longitudinally
This kind of stairs refers to stairs spanning between landings only without any side supports. In this case, the staircase should be designed as a beam between two end supports (i.e. landing) and the main reinforcement is provided at the bottom of staircase slabs.


(ii) Stairs spanning transversely
This kind of staircase is supported by sidewalls only and it may also be supported by stringer beams. For the case of sidewalls, it acts as a cantilever beam and the main reinforcement are provided the top surface of slab. For the case of staircase supported sideways by both sidewall and stringer beam, it should be designed transversely with end supports as sidewall and stringer beam and reinforcement is provided at the bottom of the staircase.

(iii) Stairs resting on solid support
For stairs resting on solid supports, only nominal steel reinforcement is provided to control thermal and shrinkage cracking.

This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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