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Should sand layer or cement sand be used as bedding of precast concrete paving units?

Cement sand is a mixture of cement and sand and it acts as a cohesive mass once mixed. Normally, a 20mm to 30mm sand layer is laid underneath precast paving block units. However, in locations of steep gradients where it stands a high possibility that rain runoff will wash out infilling sand and sand layers, cement sand should be sued instead. Similarly, when high pressure jetting is anticipated to be employed frequently in routine maintenance, sand layers beneath precast paving block units is not preferable owing to the reason of potential washing out of sand.


This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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Kanwarjot Singh

Kanwarjot Singh is the founder of Civil Engineering Portal, a leading civil engineering website which has been awarded as the best online publication by CIDC. He did his BE civil from Thapar University, Patiala and has been working on this website with his team of Civil Engineers.

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