What is the significance of ten percent fines value in testing sub-base material?

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Ten percent fines value is a measure of the resistance of aggregate crushing subjected to loading and it is applicable to both weak and strong aggregate. Fine aggregates are defined as those passing 2.36mm sieve.
The test aims at looking for the forces required to produce 10% of fine values (i.e. weight of fines aggregates/weight of all aggregates = 10%). This test is very similar to Aggregate Crushing Test in which a standard force 400kN is applied and fines material expressed as a percentage of the original mass is the aggregate crushing value.

Granular sub-base is subjected to repeated loadings from truck types. The stress level at the contact points of aggregate particles is quite high. The sub-base in pavement is a structural layer used for distribution of traffic loads into larger area. As such, it is of paramount importance that the sub-base material should itself not be disintegrated under severe traffic loads. Ten percent fines value can be used to reveal the aggregate
properties when subjected to mechanical degradation.


This question is taken from book named – A Self Learning Manual – Mastering Different Fields of Civil Engineering Works (VC-Q-A-Method) by Vincent T. H. CHU.

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  • P Rajesh Kumar June 27, 2011 at 9:41 am

    Distinguish between ten percent fines value & aggregate crushing value

    • Umer Hayat December 28, 2016 at 10:48 pm

      ACV tells us crushing of aggregates under specific loading but in TFV we find the force required to produce ten percent fines

  • N.Krishna Reddy August 13, 2011 at 3:23 am

    How the 10percent test should be carriedout. Please clarify

    • Brittany Found February 16, 2012 at 7:49 pm

      Fine aggregates are defined as those passing 2.36mm sieve.

      One book I would recommend might be Essentials of Soil Mechanics by McCarthy. Extreme detail.

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