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Concrete Mix Design As Per Indian Standard Code

Concrete Mix Design

Introduction

The process of selecting suitable ingredients of concrete and determining their relative amounts with the objective of producing a concrete of the required, strength, durability, and workability as economically as possible, is termed the concrete mix design. The proportioning of ingredient of concrete is governed by the required performance of concrete in 2 states, namely the plastic and the hardened states. If the plastic concrete is not workable, it cannot be properly placed and compacted. The property of workability, therefore, becomes of vital importance.

The compressive strength of hardened concrete which is generally considered to be an index of its other properties, depends upon many factors, e.g. quality and quantity of cement, water and aggregates; batching and mixing; placing, compaction and curing. The cost of concrete is made up of the cost of materials, plant and labour. The variations in the cost of materials arise from the fact that the cement is several times costly than the aggregate, thus the aim is to produce as lean a mix as possible. From technical point of view the rich mixes may lead to high shrinkage and cracking in the structural concrete, and to evolution of high heat of hydration in mass concrete which may cause cracking.

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Tests Conducted To Check Quality Of Concrete

Test conducted on site for quality control

Slump test
This is a site test to determine the workability of the ready mixed concrete just before its placing to final position inside the formwork, and is always conducted by the supervisor on site. However in mid of concreting process , should the site supervisor visually finds that the green concrete becomes dry or the placement of concrete has been interrupted , a re-test on the remaining concrete should be conducted in particular of the pour for congested reinforcement area . The procedure of test in brief is as follows: –

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Problems Faced At Site – Project Report – Multistoried Boys Hostel

Problems Faced At Site

There were numerous problems which were faced at site. Some of these were purely due to the human errors and poor workmanship but some were due to unseen factors.

1. There was a problem in providing beams at one location as per the standard drawings so the drawings were changed by consulting the structural designers and architect

2. There was problem pouring concrete in one beam due to small area available for pouring and compacting. The solution to this problem was that the size of steel was increased but the number of steel bars was decreased so as to provide the total area same.

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