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Engineering is a term applied to the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences, gained by study, experience, and practice, is applied to the efficient use of the materials and forces of nature. Engineers are the ones who have received professional training in pure and applied science.Before the middle of the 18th century, large-scale construction work was usually placed in the hands of military engineers. Military engineering involved such work as the preparation of topographical maps, the location, design, and construction of roads and bridges; and the building of forts and docks; see Military Engineering below. In the 18th century, however, the term civil engineering came into use to describe engineering work that was performed by civilians for nonmilitary purposes.

Civil engineering is the broadest of the engineering fields. Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the world which include Water works, Sewers, Dams, Power Plants, Transmission Towers/Lines, Railroads, Highways, Bridges, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways, Terminals, Industrial Plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc. Among the important subdivisions of the field are construction engineering, irrigation engineering, transportation engineering, soils and foundation engineering, geodetic engineering, hydraulic engineering, and coastal and ocean engineering.

Civil engineers build the world’s infrastructure. In doing so, they quietly shape the history of nations around the world. Most people can not imagine life without the many contributions of civil engineers to the public’s health, safety and standard of living. Only by exploring civil engineering’s influence in shaping the world we know today, can we creatively envision the progress of our tomorrows.

• aashish dhoju December 6, 2016 at 8:35 am

i am reading +11 in civil engineering and its easy now but i want to ask it is difficuli or not

• sd December 8, 2016 at 9:25 pm

first take weight of cube as w1(natural state as it contains air, moisture that is 3 phase), then immerse the cube in water for 24 hours after 24 hours take it out it take weight as w2(fully saturated), dry it it in oven for 10 minutes measure the weight as w3(dry), and amount of water=w2-w3.
unit weight of water=weight/volume from this relationship we can find volume of water which is nothing but volume of voids.

• Bharat nathani December 13, 2016 at 1:28 am

Details regarding establishment of civil engineering laboratory.

• Zaid ullah December 15, 2016 at 6:47 am

i am the student of civil engineering 1st semester some one kindly direct me about all test that we can do for cement and concrete. tell me about its names only

• Hans December 15, 2016 at 10:34 am

how to draw profile and cross-section of a road using autocad 2007??

• Mohit Parashar December 20, 2016 at 9:57 am

I want to know about ‘authorised overlap’ in column, beam and slab reinforcement for measurement purpose.

• R Suman January 28, 2017 at 12:52 am

Dear Mohith, with your question I presume that you are asking about lap length for measurement purpose only. it depends how the contract rate was. If the item description says rate includes all laps,chairs,ties no measurement lap shall not be considered. If not, normally it will be as mentioned in the drawing say 50d or 35 d. If drawing also not specifies anything (It has to be ), needs to be calculated as per IS 456 according to concrete grade. Hope this explanation is useful for you. regards, Suman.

• Hobart Civil Engineer December 22, 2016 at 2:14 am

This website has really very informative data and I had gained many pieces of information from this website.

• Ammit Khanna December 25, 2016 at 7:47 am

Hi I have to make a techinal paper of 2500 words on Estimation & Costing Subject, to be submitted as my project for BTECH. Can anyone help me.

• Muhammad ubaidullah December 31, 2016 at 12:10 am

i am working on the slope stability analysis of permanent access road at Tarbela Dam Pakistan…..as a project on for MS (Geotech) Engg…..need your valuable suggestions please…..

• Sourav Dutta January 16, 2017 at 11:13 pm

Use TaLREN SOFTWARE FOR ANALYSIS.

• vasumathi sampath January 2, 2017 at 8:08 am

i am preparing for competitive exam (GATE).So please ,can any one suggest some materials for me.

• Er.Shivam Sood January 23, 2017 at 3:48 am

You should buy books especially for Gate other than that use your lecture notes. Most effective way as it appears to me is buy a copy of solved previous years GATE exams and practice and read all of them but dont go for answers directly do some brainstroming if you get struck it will consume some time but it will help alotnot only for GATE other exams too.
All the best!

• Er.Shivam Sood January 23, 2017 at 3:54 am

• manu January 2, 2017 at 12:22 pm

which of them having reinforcement bar is more, under or over reinforcement ?

• R Suman January 28, 2017 at 1:04 am

technically it should be explained in different terms. Under reinforcement is where steel reaches yield strain at loads lower than the load at which the concrete reaches failure strain and over reinforcement is vice versa. In lay man terms Ast will be lesser than the balanced section in under reinforced, which means there will not be any sudden collapse.

• solomon January 15, 2017 at 8:33 am

Pls, I need an help on my project topic that say investigation and characterization on a solid waste disposal site and its impact on soil and water.

• Reddy January 17, 2017 at 10:13 am

Which is top company for civil

• roshan January 17, 2017 at 11:18 am

In DMC method how excavated soil, slush & bentonite slurry is removed out

• Er.Shivam Sood January 23, 2017 at 3:44 am

The topmost drill pipe is connected with a hose emerging from the vertical pump (installed in the bentonite) pit sending fresh bentonite slurry to the borehole through a fine opening in chisel and when the bore hole is filled to the brink, it flows back to the bentonite pit along with the mud through the artificial conduit. In this way the mud from the bore keeps on moving up the borehole and is directed to the bentonite tank.It is preferred to use fresh and clean water for the preparation of bentonite suspension as the minutest impurities may alter the properties of a suspension. In case, clean water is not available at the site, special additives such as Ferrosome lignosulphate in combination with soda ash, phosphates and flocculants are added.

• Mohammed Haroon January 18, 2017 at 1:52 pm

I want to construct a compound wall of 250 running feet with a height of 5′ and thickness 9″….. Can someone help me out how the foundation should be?

• Uday Reddy Palla January 22, 2017 at 10:45 am

You can excavate the soil upto 3’6″ then run a 15″X15″ beam at the bottom and construct a RCC wall upto the ground wall ., from ground level to 5′ hight you can built wall with the normal brickwork….!!

• Er.Shivam Sood January 23, 2017 at 3:52 am

It must be a continous footing,stepped,rectagular.

• sam j siby January 20, 2017 at 11:37 pm

Hi, I have to make a term project in the field of sediment transport (40 to 50 pages), to be submitted as my project for M.E. Can anyone help me.

• sello mphee January 26, 2017 at 5:56 am

Please,I need an help on my project topic that say investigation and characterization on a solid waste disposal site and its impact on soil and water.

• prashant January 31, 2017 at 7:25 am

please suggest online or distance education for quantity survey course.

• arun January 31, 2017 at 11:19 am

Hi, I am a student of civil engineering ….n I have to complete a project file of my minor project ……so this is first time for me…..can someone please help me ………….how to make a front page, certificate and acknowledgement……n my project is on “widening of road”

• sangita adhikari February 1, 2017 at 1:08 am

plss.. suggest me.. at least one or two website to learn..how can a beginner learn about engineering practically at home????????????