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Assessment of Ground Water using GIS and its importance in Trenchless Technology

By
Korukonda Vinay

Abstract
This paper describes the results of a ground water potentiality assessment and its importance in the field of trenchless technology. Water plays a vital role in the development as well as for depletion of any activity in the area . Thus, the availability of surface and ground water governs the process of planning & development of any activity. The surface water resources are inadequate to fulfill the water demand. Productivity through groundwater is quite high as compared to surface water, but groundwater resources have not yet been properly developed through exploration. Keeping this in view, the present study attempts to identify and understand groundwater potential zones of the study area using GIS. The methodology includes the construction of groundwater potentiality map using Geographical Information System (GIS) to protect the groundwater resources in the study area and to formulate recommendations to reduce the water scarcity. The ground water potentiality of the area has been assessed through integration of the relevant layers which include geomorphology, geology, slope and land use/ land cover, in ArcGIS environment. Criteria for GIS analysis have been defined on the basis of ground water conditions and appropriate weightage has been assigned to each information layer according to relative contribution towards the desired output. The ground water potential zones map generated through this model was verified with the yield data to ascertain the validity of the model developed and to find its corresponding influence in the subsurface constructions.
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Case Study on Noise Level in Mysore City

By
Naveen G.M 1, Vinay Kumar B.M2
1. Lecturer, Dept. of civil Engg, V.V.I.E.T, Mysore.
2. Lecturer, Dept. of civil Engg, V.V.I.E.T, Mysore.

Abstract
Sound comes from the vibrations in molecules, and is always traveling through a substance, whether it is a solid, liquid, or gas. Sound cannot travel through a vacuum because there are no molecules for the sound to travel through. Noise pollution (or environmental noise) is displeasing human-, animal- or machine-created sound that disrupts the activity or balance of human or animal life. A common form of noise pollution is from transportation, principally motor vehicles. Noise health effects are both health and behavioral in nature. The unwanted sound is called noise. This unwanted sound can damage physiological and psychological health. Noise pollution can cause annoyance and aggression, hypertension, high stress levels, hearing loss, sleep disturbances. In the present study, attempts are made to study the noise level range at different roads of the Mysore city. Traffic behaviour and characteristics at various roads near schools, hospitals, railway tracks, offices, courts, etc. using “Sound Level Meter”. Then, the maximum value of noise level in decibels is Estimated.

Keywords: Noise and Sound level meter.
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Effect Of Different Curing Methods On The Compressive Strength Of Concrete

By
O. James ,P.N.Ndoke and S.S.Kolo
Department Of Civil Engineering, Federal University Of Technology.
Minna.

ABSTRACT
Normal concrete was prepared with a water-cement ratio of 0.50. cube specimens were cast for testing the compressive strength at 7 and 28 days of curing respectively using three curing methods namely immersion, sprinkling and Plastic sheeting, curing to cure the cube specimens until the day of testing. Test results indicates that water curing (WAC) as well as sprinkling (spraying) curing provided much better results than membrane (Plastic Sheeting) method of curing. The rate of drying was significant when the specimens were subjected to membrane (Plastic sheeting) method of curing. This thus hampered the hydration process and thus affected the compressive strength property of the hardened concrete. The overall finding of this study suggests that concrete should be cured by water curing to achieve a better compressive strength.

Keywords:
Curing method, compressive strength, concrete
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IS 10262-1982 Vs IS 10262-2009: A Discussion

By Narasingha Mohanta
(Research Officer, Zonal Laboratory (R&B) Balangir)

Abstract:
IS:10262 is the code specified by Bureau of Indian Standards for Concrete Mix Design. The code came to existence in the year 1982. Keeping pace with the advancing technology the code has been revised in December 2009. Significant changes have been made in the revised version and a brief discussion is presented in this paper comparing the two versions of IS:10262. The basic points where the guidelines have been modified are discussed. Besides one numerical example has been solved using guidelines of both the versions to understand the differences. Though the 2009 version encourages mixing of mineral admixtures to meet greater challenges of modern concreting, a simple example is considered with use of no additives.

Introduction
Mix Design of Concrete is the process of deciding the proportions of the ingredients of concrete so as to be produced most economically, that would satisfy the desired properties of fresh and hardened concrete as well. In simpler words, the concrete should be well workable when fresh and the designed compressive strength as well as durability should be achieved at hardening.
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A Study of Axle Overloadings On A Rural Road In Nigeria

By
S.S. KOLO, (Civil Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria), Y.A.JIMOH (University of Ilorin, Nigeria) AND P. N.NDOKE(Civil Engineering Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria)

Abstract
This paper presents the outcome of the axle load survey on a section of a rural trunk road in Nigeria in order to ascertain the contribution of overloaded goods vehicles to pavement failure. Seven day classified traffic and axle load survey was conducted for the determination of ADT, percentage heavy vehicle and the imposed axle load at respective axle position for the traversing vehicles on the Old Jos –Kaduna road, Kaduna state Nigeria. The proportion of the vehicle laden weight carried by each axle and the corresponding standard axle load (sal) was computed with the index model of power 4. The percentage and magnitude of overloaded axles were respectively determined as an indicative measure of the extent of structural damage to the pavement. The studied pavement was overstressed up to five times beyond the Nigeria standard axle load of 80kN, which was too high and hence constituting the hindsight to frequent structural damage to road pavements in Nigeria. It was recommended that the axle load control with weigh-in-motion weighing bridges to assure protection of the road from failure be instituted that will impact less disturbance to normal traffic flow on the arterial.

Keywords
Commercial Vehicle, Average Daily Traffic, Design life, Axle Load, Gross Weight and Gross Vehicle Weight
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